January 22, 2018

Foxtail Millet


Foxtail Millet

Foxtail millet (কাউন in Bangla, botanic name Setaria italica, synonym Panicum italicum L.) is an annual grass grown for human food. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and the most important in East Asia. It has the longest history of cultivation among the millets, having been grown in India since antiquity. According to recent research, it was first domesticated in China around 6,000 BC. Other names for the species include dwarf setaria, foxtail bristle-grassgiant setariagreen foxtailItalian milletGerman millet, and Hungarian millet.

Foxtail millet is an annual grass with slim, vertical, leafy stems which can reach a height of 120–200 cm (3.9–6.6 ft).

The seedhead is a dense, hairy panicle 5–30 cm (2.0–11.8 in) long.

The small seeds, around 2 mm (less than 1/8 in.) in diameter, are encased in a thin, papery hull which is easily removed in threshing. Seed color varies greatly between varieties. (Wikipedia)

The photos of foxtail millet posted below are taken by Shahinur Islam on the sands of Gaibandha district of Bangladesh.

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